Weerhistorie – Historische winters

Via deze site vind u zeer veel historische weersinformatie. Van grafieken van historische winters tot hele beschrijvingen van extreme weersituaties uit het verleden.

De historie gaat terug tot begin 1700 toen de  temperatuurwaarnemingen werden gestart in Zwanenburg.

Van elke winter sinds 1736 heb het temperatuurverloop in een grafiek geplaatst. Deze bijzondere oude winters zijn op de volgende pagina te bezichtigen: Temperatuurgrafieken historische winters

Grafieken van winters vanaf 1736

Ga naar: http://www.meteolink.nl/weerhistorie-2/

Olaf Tempelman – Nederlandse taal is omslachtig en eigenaardig, blijkt uit onderzoek

Wie van doorzichtigheid en doelmatigheid houdt, is meestal meer gecharmeerd van wiskundige formules dan van woorden. De meeste talen zijn onlogisch en omslachtig als de mensheid zelf. Talen zonder ballast en nutteloze versiersels zijn nog nooit op natuurlijke wijze ontstaan. Echter: weinig talen blijken zo topzwaar van de overbodigheden als het Nederlands. Dat kan althans worden geconcludeerd uit onderzoek van taalwetenschapper Sterre Leufkens.

Sprekers van het Nederlands, blijkt uit haar proefschrift, peigeren zich dagelijks af met veel meer omwegen en ‘lege elementen’ dan sprekers van het Bantawa, het Bininj Gun-Wok, het Egyptisch-Arabisch, het Samoaans, het Sandawe, het Kharia, het Khwarshi, het Kayardild, het Teiwa, het Tidore, het Sheko en het Sochiapan Chinantec. In totaal 22 talen werden door Leufkens geturfd op het voorkomen van niet noodzakelijke grammaticale elementen en regels. Haar dissertatie bevat meerdere ontluisterende bevindingen over haar moedertaal.

Neem het onderscheid tussen ‘de’ en ‘het’. Het Engels kent alleen ‘the’. Onder de kokospalmen van Samoa in de Stille Zuidzee weten ze al heel lang dat het leven in linguïstisch opzicht eenvoudiger kan. Interessant: toen het Nederlands in zuidelijk Afrika arriveerde, verdwenen ‘de’ en ‘het’ als Hollandse sneeuw voor de Afrikaanse zon, om plaats te maken voor het heldere ‘die’.

Lees verder: https://www.volkskrant.nl/nederlandse-taal-is-omslachtig-en-eigenaardig

Patrick Cox ~ The first cousin of the English language is alive and well in the Netherlands

People who study the evolution of the English language have always had a fascination with Frisian.

In their older forms, the two languages shared vocabulary and grammar patterns that differed from other Germanic languages.
It’s less clear today. The Norman invasion of England in 1066 resulted in a French invasion of English, while Dutch has rubbed off on Frisian, or at least the version of Frisian that is spoken in the Netherlands.

English has become the world’s premier language. And Frisian … it has managed to hang on, against the odds. It’s now making a comeback, partly thanks to the European Union and Dutch government support (sometimes begrudgingly) for Frisian language schools, news media and performance arts. Frisians themselves are more likely to say their language has survived because of the determination of the Frisian people. Non-Frisians in the Netherlands sometimes characterize this as stubbornness. Whatever it is, people in villages across the province of Friesland still speak Frisian. And increasingly, young people write in Frisian, especially when using social media.
So what about that connection with English? It goes back at least 1,400 years. The English king Ethelbert oversaw the establishment of the so-called Kentish laws, the first laws that we know of written in any Germanic language. The Kentish Laws are the oldest surviving documents in Old English.

Read more: https://www.pri.org/stories/first-cousin-english-language

Lera Boroditsky ~ How language shapes the way we think

There are about 7,000 languages spoken around the world — and they all have different sounds, vocabularies and structures. But do they shape the way we think? Cognitive scientist Lera Boroditsky shares examples of language — from an Aboriginal community in Australia that uses cardinal directions instead of left and right to the multiple words for blue in Russian — that suggest the answer is a resounding yes. “The beauty of linguistic diversity is that it reveals to us just how ingenious and how flexible the human mind is,” Boroditsky says. “Human minds have invented not one cognitive universe, but 7,000.”

Pros and Cons of Moving to the Netherlands

Moving to the Netherlands from a Western culture is on the whole a painless experience. The Dutch strive for an egalitarian society and are known for their liberalism, welcoming religions and traditions from elsewhere. But this doesn’t mean the Netherlands doesn’t have its own rich cultural heritage – far from it.

Go to: http://www.expatarrivals.com/the-netherlands/pros-and-cons

Sophie Hardach ~ Speaking more than one language can boost economic growth

Multilingualism is good for the economy, researchers have found. Countries that actively nurture different languages reap a range of rewards, from more successful exports to a more innovative workforce.

“Language matters on a large-scale national level and at the level of smaller businesses,” says Gabrielle Hogan-Brun, a research fellow in Language Studies at the University of Bristol, citing data that links economic growth to linguistic diversity.

Switzerland, for example, attributes 10% of its GDP to its multilingual heritage. The country has four national languages: German, French, Italian and an ancient Latin-based language called Romansh.

Britain, on the other hand, is estimated to lose out on the equivalent of 3.5% of its GDP every year, because of its population’s relatively poor language skills.

This may be partly because languages can help build trade relations. A study of small and medium-size companies in Sweden, Germany, Denmark and France found that those which invested more in languages were able to export more goods. German companies that invested heavily in multilingual staff added 10 export countries to their market. Companies that invested less said they missed out on contracts.

Read more: https://www.weforum.org/speaking-more-languages-boost-economic-growth

Dutch cycling figures